"iShares MSCI Europe Quality Dividend UCITS ETF" is an exchange-traded investment fund (ETF). It refers to the MSCI Europe High Dividend Yield 4% Issuer Capped Index. This index reflects the development of European stocks with high dividend yield . The ETF replicates its index using physical replication with sampling, so it contains the most important securities of its reference index. The ETF's earnings (dividends) are distributed to the investors. The fund company iShares claims a total expense ratio (TER) of 0.28% per year. The yearly average divergence from the index performance (Tracking Difference) since 2018 was -0.13% per year. Therefore, the ETF was less expensive than the TER suggests and even exceeded the index performance.